Part 1 - ListView Parts and Functionality
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ListView consists of the following parts:
Rows – The visible representation of the data in the list.
Adapter – A non-visual class that binds the data source to the list view.
Fast Scrolling – A handle that lets the user scroll the length of the list.
Section Index – A user interface element that floats over the scrolling rows to indicate where in the list the current rows are located.
These screenshots use a basic
ListView control to
show how Fast Scrolling and Section Index are rendered:
The elements that make up a
ListView are described in
more detail below:
Each row has its own
View. The view can be either one
of the built-in views defined in
Android.Resources, or a
custom view. Each row can use the same view layout or they can all be different.
There are examples in this document of using built-in layouts and others
explaining how to define custom layouts.
ListView control requires an
Adapter to supply the formatted
each row. Android has built-in Adapters and Views that can be used, or custom
classes can be created.
ListView contains many rows of data
fast-scrolling can be enabled to help the user navigate to any part of the list.
The fast-scrolling ‘scroll bar’ can be optionally enabled (and customized in
API level 11 and higher).
While scrolling through long lists, the optional section index provides the user with feedback on what part of the list they are currently viewing. It is only appropriate on long lists, typically in conjunction with fast scrolling.
The primary classes used to display
The purpose of each class is described below:
ListView – user interface element that displays a
scrollable collection of rows. On phones it usually uses up the entire screen
(in which case, the
ListActivity class can be used) or
it could be part of a larger layout on phones or tablet devices.
View – a View in Android can be any user interface
element, but in the context of a
ListView it requires a
View to be supplied for each row.
BaseAdapter – Base class for Adapter implementations to
ListView to a data source.
ArrayAdapter – Built-in Adapter class that binds an array
of strings to a
ListView for display. The generic
ArrayAdapter<T> does the same for other types.
CursorAdapter – Use
SimpleCursorAdapter to display data based on an
This document contains simple examples that use an
ArrayAdapter as well as more complex examples that require custom