Custom Button

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last updated: 2017-04

In this section, you will create a button with a custom image instead of text, using the Button widget and an XML file that defines three different images to use for the different button states. When the button is pressed, a short message will be displayed.

  • Copy the images on the right into the Resources/drawable directory of your project. These will be used for the different button states.

    Green Android icon for normal state Orange Android icon for focused state Yellow Android icon for pressed state

  • Create a new file in the Resources/drawable directory named android_button.xml. Insert the following XML:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/android_pressed"
              android:state_pressed="true" />
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/android_focused"
              android:state_focused="true" />
        <item android:drawable="@drawable/android_normal" />
    </selector>

    This defines a single drawable resource, which will change its image based on the current state of the button. The first <item> defines androidpressed.png as the image when the button is pressed (it's been activated); the second <item> defines androidfocused.png as the image when the button is focused (when the button is highlighted using the trackball or directional pad); and the third <item> defines android_normal.png as the image for the normal state (when neither pressed nor focused). This XML file now represents a single drawable resource and when referenced by a Button for its background, the image displayed will change based on these three states.

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Note: The order of the <item> elements is important. When this drawable is referenced, the <item>s are traversed in-order to determine which one is appropriate for the current button state. Because the "normal" image is last, it is only applied when the conditions android:state_pressed and android:state_focused have both evaluated false.

  • Open the Resources/layout/Main.axml file and add the Button element:

    <Button
            android:id="@+id/button"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:padding="10dp"
            android:background="@drawable/android_button" />

    The android:background attribute specifies the drawable resource to use for the button background (which, when saved at Resources/drawable/android.xml, is referenced as @drawable/android). This replaces the normal background image used for buttons throughout the system. In order for the drawable to change its image based on the button state, the image must be applied to the background.

  • To make the button do something when pressed, add the following code at the end of the OnCreate()) method:

    Button button = FindViewById<Button>(Resource.Id.button);
    
    button.Click += (o, e) => {
        Toast.MakeText (this, "Beep Boop", ToastLength.Short).Show ();
    };

    This captures the Button from the layout, then adds a Toast message to be displayed when the Button is clicked.

  • Now run the application.

Portions of this page are modifications based on work created and shared by the Android Open Source Project and used according to terms described in the Creative Commons 2.5 Attribution License.

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